Outside IR35 - what can I claim?
Contractors working for their own limited companies operating outside of IR35 legislation are entitled to claim for a variety of allowable expenses provided they are deemed wholly and exclusively necessary for the course of business activities.
Allowable expenses include:
- Gross salaries paid for duties performed
- Accountancy fees
- Certain home office costs
- Business equipment / computer software
- Travel costs
- Motor cars / mileage claims
- Accommodation and subsistence
- Business telephone calls (landline/mobile)
- Mobile telephone handsets
- Stationery and postage
- Commercial insurance
- Training courses
- Professional subscriptions
- Protective clothing
- Charitable donations
- VAT on expenses (company must be VAT registered) **
- Business bank account - interest and charges
- Pension contributions (to HMRC approved schemes)
** A limited company cannot generally reclaim any VAT on purchases if it is registered within the Flat Rate VAT scheme. The benefit has already been taken into account when the flat rate percentage was established.
Inside IR35 - what can I claim?
Since the introduction of new rules, the ability to claim expenses has become more complicated for business owners deemed Inside IR35.
Please contact a Champion advisor to gain bespoke information and guidance relevant to your own particular circumstances.
General Expense Guidelines
Limited companies operating outside of IR35 legislation can obtain tax relief on their expense costs, provided these costs are wholly and exclusively necessary to the business. Such costs typically include:
Travel costs incurred wholly and exclusively necessary in the course of business duties are tax deductable.
Travelling to and from client sites or temporary workplaces can be claimed but this is subject to the HMRC 24 month rule. HMRC declares that “a workplace is not a temporary workplace if the employee can expect to work there in a continuous period of work lasting 24 months or more.”
Also, HMRC states that “a workplace is not a temporary workplace if the employee can expect to work there in a continuous period of working lasting for all or almost all of the likely duration of the employment.”
Where contractors use their own cars for business travel, they are able to reclaim fuel and running costs at a rate of £0.45p per mile for the first 10,000 miles and £0.25p per mile for all other miles, per tax year.
Motorcyclists can claim £0.24p per mile and Cyclists £0.20p per mile, car drivers can make an additional claim for passengers at £0.05p per mile providing both the driver and passenger work for the same company.
When submitting claims for business mileage, original VAT receipts (to support petrol/diesel costs) to the value of £13.00 for every 100 miles claimed must be presented with an expense form.
Expense claims can be made against air, train, bus, taxi and sea going travel fares incurred in the course of performing work.
Road tolls, parking costs and congestion charges can also be claimed. It is not permitted to make claims for speeding fines, fixed penalties or parking tickets.
All claims must be supported by original receipts.
Overnight Accommodation / Subsistence Allowances
The cost of being away from home while on business is tax deductible but all costs must be reasonable. Original receipts must be presented to support expense claims.
Tax relief on the cost of renting and maintaining a rental property may also be allowable, provided that the use of the property is required for the purpose of the assignment and you are also maintaining a property elsewhere within the UK to which you are regularly returning.
Note: Expensive claims in respect of hotels (e.g. 5 star accommodation) and meals may be challenged by HMRC and will incur a benefit in kind charge if they are deemed to be unreasonable.
Overnight allowances for incidental expenses are also allowed to be claimed during stays away from home. A £10.00 per night allowance is applicable for overseas stays and £5.00 per night is applicable for all UK stays. No receipts are necessary for overnight allowance claims.
Meal costs incurred while working away from a normal place of work are a tax deductable expense. Meal costs must be reasonable and original receipts must be presented to support expense claims.
Home office costs
It may be possible to offset certain expenses when working from a home office base. Examples of such expenses include:
- Rent and council tax charges applicable to the work area
- Gas and electricity charges applicable to heat and light the work area
- Business telephone calls and line rental costs
- Capital allowance deductions for office equipment
Note: This is an area most likely to be challenged if HMRC investigate a business. Professional advice should be sought before any expense claims are submitted.
Training costs are an allowable expense providing the training course and its contents are wholly applicable to skills required to function and perform duties.
Original receipts must be presented to support training claims.
Safety & Protective Clothing
The cost of safety and protective clothing is an allowable expense providing they are wholly applicable to the environment and the duties being performed.
Original receipts must be presented to support claims for safety and protective clothing.
No claims can be made for conventional items of clothing.
Annual Office Parties
As a limited company owner, staff entertainment would usually fall under the banner of being a Benefit in Kind however, HMRC does allow a small amount of relief to hold an annual event for your business.
There is a staff entertaining limit which is £150 (including VAT) per person. All guests are taken into account (i.e. employee + guest). This is an annual amount, not just per party/event so you could choose to have the company event recurring at a different time of the year but the £150 per person must not be exceeded. Any accommodation and transport costs are to be included.
If you are the sole employee of your limited company, you would therefore be able to spend a total of £300 (including VAT) if you and your guest go out on a staff party at Christmas. If you have more than one employee, the £150 extends to each official employee and their guest. To qualify, the event must be available to all employees.
If anything over £150 per person is spent or the event is not exempt, then ALL of the amount is taxable, not just the amount over £150.
If you have any specific questions relating to this or other expense claims, contact the office on 0161 703 2549 to speak to one of our experts or drop us an email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Receipts must be presented with all expenses claims to provide evidence of costs incurred. These should be emailed to email@example.com, quoting your name and Champion reference number.
For mileage claims, a minimum £13.00 receipt (to support petrol/diesel costs) should be presented for every 100 miles claimed.
Please refer to the above guidance on mileage, overnight accommodation/subsistence, meal allowances etc. when submitting expense claims.
Applications can be made to reclaim VAT on business expenses if the company is registered for VAT and provided that the expenditure was wholly and exclusively necessary to the business.
VAT claims are made quarterly when submitting conventional return paperwork to HMRC.
Note: A limited company cannot generally reclaim any VAT on purchases if it is registered within the Flat Rate VAT scheme. The benefit has already been taken into account when the flat rate percentage was agreed.
An expense incurred at the request of the client can be re-charged. Examples of re-chargeable expenses include travel or hotel and meal costs, paid out to attend meetings on behalf of a client.
Limited companies will invoice directly for re-chargeable expenses providing there is a signed client/agency expense form and original receipts to support the claim.
The purchase of business equipment (e.g. lap top computer) is not classified as a general expense. Business equipment is managed by claiming a capital allowance on the relevant purchase price which is subsequently offset against taxable company profits. Capital allowance rates vary depending on the equipment that is being claimed for.
The purpose of the capital allowance scheme is to allow businesses to recover the full costs of purchased equipment over a defined time period.
Original receipts must be presented to support capital allowance claims.
Benefits in Kind
If an employee/Director of a limited company personally uses an asset belonging to the company (e.g. company car) this will result in a benefit in kind being charged against the employee/Director. Income tax and employees national insurance contributions will be incurred by the employee/Director and the company will accrue employers national insurance costs.
Contractors should carefully consider the tax implications associated with the benefit in kind structure and take professional advice prior to receiving any benefits.
P11D & P9D forms
Limited companies must complete a P11D form for each of their employees earning more than £8,500 per year. It also completes P11D forms for all Directors.
The P11D contains details of all expenses claimed by each employee/Director during the tax year.
A P9D form is completed for all employees who earn less than £8,500 per year. All completed P11D and P9D forms are presented to HMRC by 06 July each year.
Please click here to download a copy of our expense form.