Can I claim my Travel & Subsistence (T&S) expenses?
To be able to claim any expenses you will need to be able to demonstrate that you are not considered to be under Supervision, Direction or Control (SDC) of any person (working for the end client organisation or agency) in the manner in which you undertake the assignment.
To help you to clarify your SDC status, Champion Contractors have developed a robust assessment process. If it is your intention to claim expenses while using our Plus Pay Service, then you will be issued with an online assessment form to complete once you have signed and returned your welcome pack documents.
How do I know if I can claim expenses?
When you submit your SDC assessment for review, we will contact you immediately if we require any further clarification or evidence to support your responses.
Please note, Champion will also need to receive some further clarification from your end client.
Written confirmation that you ‘are not’ / ‘are’ subject to SDC must come from a suitable person within the client organisation, who has the authority to do so.
The following specific questions must be addressed and answered by the end client:
- Can you personally decide how the work is done?
- Can you be told what to do (as to the manner)?
- Can you be moved depending on priorities?
- Can you decide when the work is done?
- Is the role you carry out deemed to be Inside IR35?
- Have you been subject to an IR35 assessment?
Please note, confirmation must come directly from an end client email address or be verified on company letterhead. To make things easier, we can issue the client with an online request to confirm the above.
Champion cannot provide you with a result until we have received an appropriate response from your end client.
The final result of your assessment will be delivered by email - we will endeavour to confirm our determination at the earliest opportunity. Please do note however that you will remain on the Prime Pay Service until your SDC status has been established.
If we conclude that you are not subject to SDC on your assignment, then you will be eligible to claim tax relief on your expenses. At this stage, Champion will issue you with a full guidance pack to confirm your entitlements and will update your portal access to allow you to submit expense claims.
If your working practices change during the course of your assignment, we ask you to immediately contact Champion as this will enable us to help you reassess your SDC status.
Important - Champion will need to repeat this process at every 6 month interval you are on the same assignment. This will continue until it has been established that you have been, or will be, on the assignment for more than 24 months – at this point in time your ability to submit expense claims will stop entirely.
How will I claim my expenses?
You will be required to submit your expense claims and all necessary receipts on a weekly/monthly basis, via your online Champion portal. All claims will be reviewed and processed by a member of the Champion payroll team to ensure they are valid and will be cross referenced against your time sheet to ensure that you worked on the days for which you have submitted claims. You will be provided with an email communication should your claim be rejected or, in instances where we require further details.
For expenses to be processed in a timely manner, all forms and receipts must be submitted to Champion at least 48 hours before a payment is due to be made to you. An example of the expense deadline for a Friday payment; would mean submitting expense claims no later than 14:00 on the Wednesday before payment is due.
We require you to send copies of the relevant receipts to support all claims however please note that they should also be retained by you for audit purposes.
How will my expenses be paid?
New rules outlined in the Finance Acts of 2015 and 2016 significantly changed the way that workers would receive tax relief on their expenses.
Prior to the new rules, ALL expense claims would have been offset against your weekly/monthly income. As of April 2016 however, the only expense claims that can reduce the amount of your weekly/monthly taxable salary are mileage claims only.
All other expense claim will be stored by Champion until they can be documented on an annual self-assessment tax return that we can compile/submit to HMRC at your request.
What am I entitled to claim?
Allowable expenses include:
- Mileage – private vehicles & hire cars
- Other travel costs
- Overnight accommodation and subsistence
- Meal allowances
- Business telephone calls
- Business entertainment
- Eye tests
- Professional subscriptions
- Tools and protective clothing
- Stationery, post, fax costs etc
- Pension contributions (to HMRC approved schemes)
- Reimbursable expenses
Multiple Site Claims
In the process of carrying out your duties, the client may request that you temporarily provide your services at another location and in these circumstances it may be possible to claim the tax back from HMRC for any travel and subsistence claim incurred whilst travelling to that temporary workplace. These claims can be made regardless of your SDC status as long as they are incurred wholly, exclusively and necessary to carrying out your duties as an employee.
Examples of these types of claims could be:
- Mileage and associated costs (e.g. parking, tolls)
- Public transport (e.g. trains, bus, taxi’s, air fares)
- Car hire and fuel costs
- Accommodation (e.g. hotels, B&Bs, rental properties and utilities, etc.)
- Meal expenses (e.g. breakfast, lunch or evening meals)
You are not be able to claim for travelling to and from a normal place of work.
From our experience, these types of expenses are often reimbursed by the client, so it may be worth checking this ahead of incurring any costs. If the client are willing to reimburse these expenses, then please click HERE for guidance on ensuring that you receive the full amount back in your pay via Champion.
If your client is not reimbursing these expenses , you will need to keep detailed records and all relevant receipts to allow you to make a claim directly to HMRC via a P87 form or Self-Assessment tax return. Please note that there is no guarantee that HMRC will allow for the tax relief on these expenses.
THIS FOLLOWING GUIDANCE IS FOR WORKERS WHO ARE NOT SUBJECT TO SDC
Mileage costs incurred wholly and exclusively necessary in the course of business are tax deductible.
Mileage involved in travelling to and from client sites or temporary workplaces may potentially be claimed but this is subject to certain criteria.
Please note that it is not possible to claim mileage to a permanent workplace.
HMRC declares that “a workplace is not a temporary workplace if the employee can expect to work there in a continuous period of work lasting 24 months or more.”
If the contract is extended or is expected to be extended beyond 24 months, no further travel to and from the work site is allowable from the date of the extension as the work site would no longer qualify as temporary base.
Also, HMRC states that “a workplace is not a temporary workplace if the employee can expect to work there in a continuous period of working lasting for all or almost all of the likely duration of the employment.” If you only intend to work on one assignment whilst employed through Champion, then you will not be able to claim any of your expenses.
There is an exception to the above but this is only relevant if you spend 40% or less of your time at a workplace. If this is the case, all expenses incurred in travelling to and from that site are allowed, regardless of the temporary worksite rule. The claim may continue indefinitely for as long as your circumstances continue to satisfy the 40% rule.
Note - If you decide and then communicate that a particular piece of work will be your final assignment as a Champion employee, then that workplace will no longer be classed as a temporary workplace. Thereafter, Champion are not allowed to process any further travel and subsistence expenses claims on your behalf.
Employee’s found to be falsifying any expense claim may face disciplinary action and will need to be reported to HMRC. On that basis we advise you to contact Champion if you have any questions as to whether you can claim for an expense or what you can claim for before submitting the claim.
If you are eligible to claim travel and subsistence expenses you may submit a claim for the following expenses:
You may claim a cost per mile for allowable business journeys in your own vehicle. Mileage rates (approved by HMRC) are as follows:
Up to 10,000 miles
Over 10,000 miles
45p per mile
25p per mile
24p per mile
24p per mile
20p per mile
20p per mile
Valid VAT receipts for fuel are required and must be submitted along with all claims. All relevant claims will be processed by Champion when they are received and the tax relief benefit will then be calculated and applied to your next available payment.
Note 1: It is your responsibility to ensure that you hold the appropriate insurance to drive the vehicle in respect of business use.
Note 2: the associated costs (e.g. road tax or servicing) of using a private vehicle are already factored into the mileage rates detailed above
The cost of a short-term hire car together with the actual cost of fuel is allowable, but only where the use of the hire car is proven to be necessary to the performance of your duties.
Fuel claims must solely relate to business trips.
Note - unlike general mileage claims, these costs can only be claimed via the submission of a P87 or self-assessment tax return.
Long term hire or lease of a vehicle is not an allowable expense.
OTHER TRAVEL COSTS
Expense claims can be made against air, train, bus, taxi and sea going travel fares incurred in the course of performing work.
Road tolls, parking costs and congestion charges can also be claimed. It is not however permitted to make claims for speeding fines, fixed penalties or parking tickets.
All claims must be supported by original receipts and any expenses incurred in foreign currency should be converted to sterling (confirming the conversion rate) when completing your expense claim.
Any tax relief on miscellaneous travel costs should be reclaimed on an annual basis via the submission of a P87 or self-assessment tax return.
OVERNIGHT ACCOMMODATION & SUBSISTENCE
The cost of being away from home while on business is tax deductible but all costs must be reasonable. Original receipts must be kept to support expense claims.
Tax relief on the cost of renting and maintaining a rental property may also be allowable, provided that the use of the property is required for the purpose of the assignment and you are also maintaining a property elsewhere within the UK to which you are regularly returning.
You are only able to claim for the costs associated with the assignment and therefore you cannot claim for periods within which the assignment does not require your services (e.g. weekends). In these circumstances it will be necessary for you to provide a split of the private and business usage and claim only tax relief for the business use.
Note - expensive claims in respect of hotels (e.g. 5 star accommodation) and meals may be challenged by HMRC and could incur a benefit in kind charge if they are deemed to be unreasonable.
SUBSISTENCE – OVERNIGHT TRIPS
You may be able to claim tax relief on the actual cost of any food and drink incurred in the course of the qualifying journey involving an overnight stay on your self-assessment tax return. Please note that you can only claim food and drink if it has been purchased after the journey commenced. You are not able to claim for the cost of preparing a packed lunch on your self-assessment tax return.
If you have dinner with other colleagues then you can only claim for costs that relate to you and these costs would be claimed back on your self-assessment tax return. Similarly, reasonable costs of alcoholic beverages with a meal may be included on your self-assessment tax return.
Where you incur the cost of a meal overseas, appropriate identification and explanation of the receipts must be provided in English.
If you are staying overnight while either away on business or on work-related training you are able to claim an Incidental Overnight Expense Allowance. This is to cover the costs of personal phone calls, laundry, newspaper etc. These claims must be supported by receipts.
There are two Incidental Overnight Expenses Allowance rates - £5 per night in the UK and £10 per night overseas (including Eire).
Please note that these allowances can only be claimed in relation to an overnight stay so if you travel on a business trip in the UK for 5 days with 4 overnight stays then £20 can be claimed). These amounts will be included in your payroll.
Any tax relief on overnight accommodation/subsistence expenses should be reclaimed on an annual basis via submission of a P87 or self-assessment tax return.
If you incur the cost of food and drink during travel to and from a temporary worksite you may claim tax relief on the actual costs incurred via your self-assessment tax return, however you will need to provide receipts.
BUSINESS TELEPHONE CALLS
Claims can be submitted to cover the cost of business calls made from landlines and/or mobile telephones. No claims are allowed in respect of line rental charges. If the phone is used for a mixture of business and personal calls, you can only claim tax relief on costs pertaining to the business calls. Please provide an itemised bill or analysis of calls made (if an itemised bill cannot be obtained e.g. for a mobile top up) with your expense form.
Any tax relief will be reclaimed on an annual basis via submission of a P87 or self-assessment tax return.
You cannot claim tax relief for the cost of entertaining clients, colleagues, friends or family.
EYE TESTS (FOR VDU USERS)
An annual claim can be submitted to cover an eye test. However, this allowance can only be claimed by individuals required to work at computer screens for extended periods.
If glasses are required, they would need to be 100% for screen use as above and we will need an optician’s letter to confirm this is the case.
An original receipt from a qualified Optician must support expense claims. These costs would be processed with your payroll.
You are able to claim tax relief on the cost of the annual subscriptions paid to professional bodies on your self-assessment tax return. The professional body has to be on the HMRC approved list (link below) to be able to claim:
Please note, if you have previously asked HMRC to include an allowance in your tax code for this expense, you must ensure that you DO NOT claim it again on your self-assessment tax return.
TOOLS AND PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
You are able to claim tax relief on the cost of tools and equipment however the cost has be £200 or less. These expenses must be wholly necessary to your role i.e. all employees undertaking the role must be required to purchase the tools and equipment.
You may claim tax relief on the cost of replacement protective clothing and safety equipment e.g. boots, hard hats, if these are necessary to do your job. These claims will be submitted on your self-assessment tax return along with any costs for cleaning the protective clothing.
STATIONERY, POSTAGE, FAX ETC.
It is possible to claim tax relief on the cost of stationery, postage, sending and receiving faxes, printing, photocopying etc. if these are wholly, exclusively and necessarily incurred in the performance of your duties. This cost is claimed via your self-assessment tax return.
Training costs are allowable only to the extent where the expense is an integral part of the duties of employment – these will be reimbursed to you through our payroll.
PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS (to HMRC approved schemes)
Tax relief can also be achieved by making gross contributions into HMRC approved pension schemes.
Tax relief will be processed and applied on either a weekly/monthly basis at the time the pension contributions are made. For further information regarding this then please email email@example.com
These are the costs that you incur on behalf of your client, such as travelling to another client office, which are then paid back to you via your agency.
If you are to be reimbursed expenses by your agency/client, we require you to issue Champion with the below information:
- Copies of all submitted agency/client expense forms
- Copies of all receipts relating to the claim
To reduce any processing issues, can you please ensure that all forms are completed correctly, and where relevant, a full breakdown of VAT is included on the form.
Please email all information to firstname.lastname@example.org
Champion will process the expenses when payment has been received and will ensure you receive the appropriate tax relief on your reimbursable claim. You will receive a confirmation email when the expenses have been processed and approved.
Note 1 - Champion require this information to ensure we have the necessary paperwork to support your need for these expenses to be paid on a tax free basis.
Note 2 - If/where your agency/client is reimbursing you for any home to work travel related expenses, then Champion will require written confirmation from the end client that you are not subject to SDC while on the assignment. If this is not provided, then these expenses cannot processed on a tax free basis.
*If your agency require Champion to submit an invoice, we will include the value of the reimbursed expense claim alongside hours worked in the pay period.
Tax relief can only be obtained through Champion on expenses that:
- are paid to you as an employee from Champion Contract Services Limited
- are paid only from the funds you generate whilst working through Champion Contract Services Limited and are specific to the assignment that you are working on
- relate to mileage and where relevant client billable expenses that meet the criteria set out and explained in this expenses policy document
An amount equivalent to your income tax rate can be reclaimed on all other expenses incurred wholly, exclusively and necessary in the performance of your employment duties via the self-assessment tax return process at the end of each tax year.
For further information and guidance, please contact Champion on 0161 703 2549